But uptake has slowed.
How the mobile enterprise will evolve: Four predictions for CIOs
Forrester Research Analyst Chenxi Wang has identified four trends that she believes will affect the future of mobility for both consumers and businesses.
"These trends paint a picture of seamless, smart-device security capabilities that are embedded in increasingly sophisticated mobile-cloud services, as well as those that are able to integrate with business models enabled by pervasive mobility," she says.
The majority of organizations are already wrestling with the implications of BYOD, says Wang. According to Forrester's Forrsights Workforce Employee Survey, from the fourth quarter of 2012, 70 percent of organizations have adopted some form of BYOD program, and 62 percent of people who use a smartphone for work and 56 percent of those who use a tablet for work purchased those devices themselves.
Here's what CIOs should prepare themselves for.
Mobile Prediction 1: Personal Devices Will Become the Norm
While BYOD has largely been a smartphone and tablet story, Wang predicts that will begin to change in 2013. Currently, 39 percent of laptops used for work are owned by an employee while 47 percent are owned by the company.
"More and more personally owned laptops are entering the work environment as IT organizations become more flexible with the BYOD culture," Wang says. "For 2013, we see the BYOD trend expanding to include not only post-PC devices but personally owned computers."
As personally owned devices become a common fixture in the enterprise, Wang says IT organizations will have to act rather than react. The demand for more mobile access to company resources and data will have three consequences.
- "IT will need to make investments to expand remote access to corporate content and data that traditionally live behind the firewall, including investments in wireless infrastructure, wireless services and mobile security measures," she says.
- "Organizations will need to reevaluate their application architectures to include more SaaS and more platform-agnostic applications, which will bring about a significant shift in how organizations acquire applications; the days of on-premises client/server deployments are fading and the days of cloud-hosted, service-driven deployments are ascending."
- "Organizations will need to reduce spending on wired/fixed communication services while they increase investments in wireless hardware and services."
Mobile Prediction 2: Seamless, On-Demand Mobile "Virtualization" Will Overtake MDM
Many organizations that embrace (or at least accept) BYOD have turned to mobile device management (MDM) technologies to help them enforce corporate policies on users' devices. But MDM is often considered a heavy-handed approach, and Wang says more and more IT professionals just don't want to manage employee-owned devices.
This has resulted in the rise of mobile VDI, containers, app wrapping, and device virtualization as alternative methods to segregate personal data from corporate data on a personally owned device. The downside is that these methods often adversely affect the user experience, creating a barrier to adoption. But advances in mobile virtualization technology are likely to turn that around in 2013.
"In 2012, we started to see glimpses of technologies that could eventually lead to seamless 'mobile virtualization' wherein policy-based control over corporate apps (and consequently content and data) is enforced on-demand and with little interference to user experience," Wang says. "Some examples include VMware's device virtualization technology and exciting options from innovators such as Enterproid and MobileSpaces."
Wang says that these technologies remain at an early stage today, but show great potential to change how enterprises approach mobility if they can fulfill their promise to dynamically insert policies in flight without changing the app first.
"Key to making mobile virtualization work are whole-app workflows and mashups that are easily controllable," she says. "We're excited to see technologies that extend policy controls to an entire workflow of apps, so that any app invoked by the corporate app is treated with the same policy, as opposed to wrapping and containing a standalone app. This capability will help preserve user experience and further enable mobilization of enterprise resources. Ultimately, technology innovations in this area may render BYOD a nonissue."
Mobile Prediction 3: HTML5 Enterprise Apps Will Proliferate
Google's plan to bring Chrome packaged apps to Android and iOS is part of its strategy to make the web the primary platform for users. Converting Apple device owners will be a challenge.
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